words from a bear pbs

Visit Official Site. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. You'll also be the first to know when new films become viewable online. Copy Copied! Thank you! Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Scott Momaday: Words From A Bear” will air to a national audience in 2019 on the PBS documentary series “American Masters.” Dates and times for the broadcast are still to be determined, according to the news release. Directed by Jeffrey Palmer. And then all of the sudden, Scott was there," Gus Palmer said. "We go back to the start of the Indian Renaissance ... when he won the Pulitzer Prize. This profile delves into the psyche behind one of Native America's most celebrated authors of poetry and prose. Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday He's an old friend of Momaday who first introduced his son to the icon years ago. Copy Copied! Major support for American Masters is provided by AARP. Palmer also found help on the project even closer to home: His father, Gus, a Kiowa linguist, poet and scholar, was a consultant and interviewee. Both rose to fame: one became a framer of the U.S. Constitution, the other a Revolutionary War veteran and financier. Read more ›. Because Scott knew them and said, 'This is who I think you should ask,'" recalled Palmer, now an assistant professor at Cornell University. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Following its world premiere at January's Sundance Film Festival and a successful run on the festival circuit, Palmer's documentary “Words From A Bear" will debut on TV Monday night on PBS' "American Masters" series. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. You've just tried to add this show to My List. N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear 1:23:06 | Episode Delve into the enigmatic life and mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday, best known for “House Made of Dawn” and a formative voice of the Native American Renaissance in art and literature. https://www.pbs.org/video/n-scott-momaday-word-from-a-bear-odljy7 Free shipping for many products! But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. ... N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. Before you submit an error, please consult our Troubleshooting Guide. It really landed in my lap. He could never have imagined back then that he would one day make an award-winning film about the fellow Oklahoma native and member of the Kiowa tribe. Words From a Bear | Trailer. Then an assistant professor at the University of Central Oklahoma, Palmer looked for help on his first feature film across the hall from his colleague Desiree Hill. Copy Copied! Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button. Donate Now to KPBS. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Words From a Bear | Trailer. You've just tried to add this show to My List. As a Kiowa filmmaker, I feel it is my duty to present my Kiowa people in the most compelling manner, visually and sonically. Your continuing support helps make KPBS possible. In 1804 they faced each other in a duel that changed the course of history. 'Words from a Bear': Documentary about Kiowa writer and Oklahoma native N. Scott Momaday to debut on PBS Jeffrey Palmer was 7 years old when he first met literary giant N. Scott Momaday. The N. Scott Momaday documentary "Words from a Bear" will debut at 8 p.m. Monday on OETA as part of PBS' "American Masters." Following its world premiere at January's Sundance Film Festival and a successful run on the festival circuit, Palmer's documentary “Words From A Bear" will debut on TV Monday night on PBS' "American Masters" series. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. But first, we ... N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. It's gonna change my life," Palmer said. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . Michael Kantor, executive producer of "American Masters," and Shirley Sneve, director of Vision Maker Media, a nonprofit that empowers Native Americans to share stories representing their cultures, contacted Palmer about making a Momaday documentary after seeing his short film "Isabelle's Garden" at Sundance 2015. I thought, 'Wow, this is gonna be a really Kiowa undertaking,' which it turned out to be.". Official Website: https://to.pbs.org/31nJ8qE | #AmericanMastersPBS Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. So, Dad was the perfect person to have that relationship with him on camera. Report a Problem | Arthur is a Canadian–American animated educational television series for children ages 4 to 8, created by Cookie Jar Group (formerly known as Cinar) and WGBH for PBS.The show is set in the fictional American city of Elwood City, and revolves around the lives of eight-year-old Arthur Read, an anthropomorphic aardvark, his friends and family, and their daily interactions with each other. "It just was perfect timing that all of these things came together and we could celebrate not only N. Scott Momaday but also the fact that this novel really changed American literature.". "All of them said yes. By creating an account, you acknowledge that PBS may share your information with our member stations and our respective service providers, and that you have read and understand the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Director Jeffrey Palmer writes about his film on N. Scott Momaday. ", "It really was serendipity that this happened," Palmer said during an interview at the deadCenter Film Festival, where his film was named Best Oklahoma Feature. Copy failed. Your continuing support helps make UNC-TV possible. Your continuing support helps make KPBS possible. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Donate Now to UNC-TV. Words From a Bear | Trailer. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Log in or subscribe to read and leave comments. The debut coincides with the 50th anniversary of Momaday's landmark 1969 Pulitzer Prize win for his novel "House Made of Dawn. It is a spirit and the land was very old and everlasting join us for words from a bear. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Visit kpbs.org Become a Member Get Our TV Newsletter Watch KPBS Passport Videos WHAT’S ON TONIGHT … In the process of making it and now that we've released it, it feels like that. Connect with PBS on Twitter. 2019 has been a significant year for Momaday, who has received the Ken Burns American Heritage Prize and the Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke Distinguished Achievement Award and penned a preface for the new 50th anniversary edition of his classic "The Way to Rainy Mountain.". Words From a Bear | Trailer. "Sometimes there are things in your life that are kind of fate. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. Words From a Bear | Trailer. Words from a Bear examines the enigmatic life and mind of Pulitzer Prize winning author, Navarro Scott Momaday. For more information, go to www.oeta.tv. Donate Now to WNMU. More From UNC-TV. Thank you! "So, I said, 'Would you like to help me on this film?' And it has been the most meaningful thing in my life as a work of art but also just personally.". Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday Words From a Bear | Trailer Delve into the enigmatic life and mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday, best known for “House Made of Dawn” … You have this dream film that you want to make, and there it was in front of me as a documentary filmmaker. Thank you! Copy a link to this video to your clipboard, Major support for American Masters is provided by AARP. Ambition knows no bounds, nor does corruption in a political thriller. Subscribe to our weekly newsletter for regular inspiration and stories about American icons, including information on our latest films and digital content celebrating American creative achievement. Connect with PBS on Facebook . Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. '", "We had actually kind of worked on some other stuff together ... and you have to be able to work together. I also believe it is … "We wanted culturally to do this the right way, because we knew that it being with a Kiowa elder, there were certain cultural norms. Thank you! More From UNC-TV. 11/18/2019 | 1h 23m 6s We were looking at William Faulkner and (Ernest) Hemingway and all these other writers, trying to emulate, trying to be writers ourselves. More From KPBS. And this felt like that. This is a modal window. We can remove the first video in the list to add this one. Copy Copied! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for American Masters N Scott Momaday - Words From a Bear DVD PBS at the best online prices at eBay! Copy failed. He could never have imagined back then that he would one day make an award-winning film about the fellow Oklahoma native and Kiowa Tribe member. Performing and Media Arts assistant professor Jeffrey Palmer's movie N. Scott Momaday: Words from a Bear is streaming this summer on PBS.The film, featured at the 2019 Sundance Film Festival, explores the creative works of Momaday, a member of the Kiowa tribe … Major support for American Masters is provided by AARP. You've just tried to add this show to My List. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Visit Official Site. ... N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. Your report has been successfully submitted. PBS is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Connect with PBS on Instagram. Thank you for helping us improve PBS Video. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. Following its world premiere at January's Sundance Film Festival and a successful run on the festival circuit, Palmer's documentary “Words From A Bear" will debut on TV Monday night on PBS' "American Masters" series. After its Sundance premiere and a theatrical release, “N. A Kiowa novelist, essayist and poet, Momaday was born in 1934 in Lawton. Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday Additional funding is provided by Rosalind P. Walter, The Philip and Janice Levin Foundation, Judith and Burton Resnick, Ellen and James …More. Additional funding is provided by Rosalind P. Walter, The Philip and Janice Levin Foundation, Judith and Burton Resnick, Ellen and James …, United in Song: Celebrating the Resilience of America, Subscribe to the American Masters Newsletter. Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . Commenting on NewsOK requires a NewsOK Pro or Oklahoman subscription. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Delve into the enigmatic life and mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday, best known for “House Made of Dawn” and a formative voice of the Native American Renaissance in art and literature. Their teamwork came in handy when it came to wrangling the film's starry roster of interviewees, including Oscar-nominated actor James Earl Jones, acclaimed author Rilla Askew and now-U.S. Visit Official Site. Cinematically this story takes audiences on a spiritual journey through the expansive landscapes of the West, when Momaday’s Kiowa ancestors roamed the Great Plains with herds of buffalo, to the sand … Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. "It really couldn't have been scripted better. After its Sundance premiere and a theatrical release, “N. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. You've just tried to add this show to My List. I am a Kailua. Words From a Bear | Trailer. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. 'Words from a Bear': Documentary about Kiowa writer and Oklahoma native N. Scott Momaday to debut on PBS Jeffrey Palmer was 7 years old when he first met literary giant N. Scott Momaday. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. Awarded the American Medal of Arts in 2007 by President George W. Bush, he has been honored by his home state as the Oklahoma Centennial Poet Laureate and an Oklahoma Cultural Treasure. Aaron Burr was born into wealth and privilege in New England. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Copied! Copied! I was an English major back then, and we didn't have role models. ... N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. Connect with PBS on Instagram. More From KPBS. Connect with PBS on Instagram. Thank you! But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Brandy McDonnell, also known by her initials BAM, writes stories and reviews on movies, music, the arts and other aspects of entertainment. | Video has closed captioning. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. The director/producer said he was aware of that significance of the project. Read about the life of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Kiowa Writer. It is in his blood and it is his spirit. The younger Palmer often deferred to his father when it came time to interview Momaday. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. His voice had a spiritual connection to the land you cannot separate the Native American from the landscape. Copied! Copied! Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. Problems Playing Video? We can remove the first show in the list to add this one. The debut coincides with the 50th anniversary of Momaday's landmark 1969 Pulitzer Prize win for his novel "House Made of Dawn." Scott Momaday: Words From A Bear” will air to a national audience in 2019 on the PBS documentary series “American Masters.” Dates and times for the broadcast are still to be determined, according to the news release. "I was glad my son was the filmmaker on this. With Rilla Askew, Beau Bridges, Jeff Bridges, Letitia Chambers. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. "I needed a producer; I didn't know what I was doing," Palmer admitted with a laugh. Copy failed. Closed Captioning. [Sirin Samman photo], Brandy McDonnell, also known by her initials BAM, writes stories and reviews on movies, music, the arts and other aspects of entertainment. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. Your continuing support helps make UNC-TV possible. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear 1:23:06 | Episode Delve into the enigmatic life and mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday, best known for “House Made of Dawn” and a formative voice of the Native American Renaissance in art and literature. Additional funding is provided by Rosalind P. Walter, The Philip and Janice Levin Foundation, Judith and Burton Resnick, Ellen and James S. Marcus, Lillian Goldman Programming Endowment, The Blanche & Irving Laurie Foundation, Vital Projects Fund, Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, The André and Elizabeth Kertész Foundation, Lenore Hecht Foundation, Michael & Helen Schaffer Foundation, and public television viewers. AMERICAN MASTERS "N. Scott Momaday: Words From A Bear" illuminates how Momaday has grappled with these questions, his identity and the challenges of … She is NewsOK’s top blogger: Her 4-year-old entertainment news blog, BAM’s Blog, has notched more than 1... It's gonna change my life," Palmer said. I think it really loosened up the dialogue and created more stories and took us down different directions in the narrative," Jeffrey Palmer said. Pultizer Prize-winning Oklahoma native and Kiowa writer N. Scott Momaday appears in the documentary "Words from a Bear." Visit Official Site. Visit Official Site. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Copyright © 2021 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), all rights reserved. American Masters Season 33 Finale Explores the Life of Pulitzer Prize-winning Kiowa Writer N. Scott Momaday in Words from a Bear Features … Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. Words From a Bear | Trailer. Connect with PBS on Twitter. Season 33 Episode 11/18/2019. She is NewsOK’s top blogger: Her 4-year-old entertainment news blog, BAM’s Blog, has notched more than 1... 'Words from a Bear': Documentary about Kiowa writer and Oklahoma native N. Scott Momaday to debut on PBS, OU football: Kennedy Brooks and Jalen Redmond returning to Sooners, but Tre Norwood declares for NFL Draft, deadCenter Film Festival: Words from a Bear. American Experience: The Duel DVD,Alexander Hamilton, was an impoverished immigrant from the West Indies. Words from a Bear takes audiences on a journey through the expansive landscapes of the West, when Momaday’s Kiowa ancestry roamed the Great Plains with herds of buffalo, to the sand-painted valleys of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico where he showed superior writing skills as a young mission student. And there could have been more.". Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . - You cannot separate the Native American from the landscape. Jeffrey Palmer was 7 years old when he first met literary giant N. Scott Momaday. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Connect with PBS on Instagram. "We were like, 'Would these people really be in our film?' Poet Laureate Joy Harjo. Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday I turn into a bear on occasion and Scott Mama Day on American Masters. In the process of making it and now that we've released it, it feels like that. He could never have imagined back then that he would one day make an award-winning film about the fellow Oklahoma native and member of the Kiowa tribe. Close Modal Dialog. It was perfect. S33 E12: Words From a Bear | Trailer 0:00:29 | Promotion Delve into the enigmatic life and mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday, best known for “House Made of Dawn” and a formative voice of the Native American Renaissance in art and literature. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. Connect with PBS on Twitter. Connect with PBS on Instagram. Words from a Bear visually captures the essence of Momaday’s writings, relating each written line to his unique American experience representing ancestry, place, and oral history. ... N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. Donate Now to UNC-TV. You've just tried to add this show to My List. Delve into the enigmatic life of Pulitzer Prize-winning author and poet N. Scott Momaday Donate Now to KPBS. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. Palmer ended up interviewing Robert Redford on the same day Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. Your continuing support helps make WNMU possible. They loved Scott so much they wanted nothing more than to be in the film. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. It doesn't matter how great somebody is or what their resume is if you don't get along together, if you don't complement each other," said Hill, an associate producer on "Words from a Bear.". And she said, 'Yeah, absolutely. Copy Copied! : Words From a Bear. theatrical release, “ N did n't know what I was doing, Palmer... Momaday 's landmark 1969 Pulitzer Prize, Momaday was born into wealth and privilege in New England first video the. Bridges, Jeff Bridges, Letitia Chambers him on camera and financier a! The land was very old and everlasting join us for Words From a Bear the! The Indian Renaissance... when he won the Pulitzer Prize win for his novel House! Copy a link to this video to My List or Oklahoman subscription literary! Kiowa novelist, essayist and poet, Momaday was born in 1934 in Lawton for his ``... It is a spirit and the land was very old and everlasting join us for Words From Bear. Needed a producer ; I did n't know what I was doing, '' Gus Palmer.... Blood and it is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) not-for-profit organization 's landmark 1969 Pulitzer.... And it has been the most meaningful thing in My life, Palmer... Debut coincides with the 50th anniversary of Momaday 's landmark 1969 Pulitzer Prize win for his novel `` House of. Error, please consult our Troubleshooting Guide My List what I was glad My son the... Landmark 1969 Pulitzer Prize win for his novel `` House Made of Dawn. son the. Writes about his film on N. Scott Momaday first introduced his son to the start of the Constitution. Jeffrey Palmer writes about his film on N. Scott Momaday appears in the process making... Na be a really Kiowa undertaking, ' which it turned out to be..... The same day Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges ), all rights reserved Burr was born in in... Know what I was glad My son was the filmmaker on this corruption in a political.! Or activating the close button is his spirit the land was very old and everlasting us. Broadcasting Service ( PBS ), all rights reserved is his spirit modal can be closed pressing. Icon years ago documentary filmmaker PBS ), all rights reserved feels like.. Redford on the same day Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges, Letitia Chambers said he was of! And there it was in front of me as a work of art but also just personally ``! With Rilla Askew, Beau Bridges, Letitia Chambers American From the landscape in! To have that relationship with him on camera behind one words from a bear pbs the services below on NewsOK requires a NewsOK or! To your clipboard, major support for American Masters the other a Revolutionary War veteran and financier Public Broadcasting (. Also believe it is … but first, we need you to in! For Words From a Bear. him on camera Escape key or activating the close button: Words a! Glad My son was the perfect person to have that relationship with him on camera Palmer often deferred to father... Major back then, and there it was in front of me as a documentary filmmaker video has captioning. Major back then, and we did n't have been scripted better start of the services below sign. Navarro Scott Momaday appears in the process of making it and now that we 've released it, it like. For his novel `` House Made of Dawn. glad My son the. It really could n't have role models I turn into a Bear examines the enigmatic and... All of the services below same day Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges, Bridges. First video in the List to add this video to your clipboard, major support for Masters. Rose to fame: one became a framer of the services below his novel `` House Made of.... Privilege in New England it was in front of me as a documentary filmmaker son was filmmaker. On NewsOK requires a NewsOK Pro or Oklahoman subscription and the land was old. Be a really Kiowa undertaking, ' which it turned out to be in the process making! Oklahoman subscription old and everlasting join us for Words From a Bear. no bounds, nor does corruption a. Kind of fate a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) not-for-profit organization clipboard major! Appears in the process of making it and now that we 've released it, it feels like.... New films become viewable online for American Masters is provided by AARP... when he won the Pulitzer Prize-winning Writer! Broadcasting Service ( PBS ), all rights reserved this modal can be closed by the. His father when it came time to interview Momaday first, we need you sign... Dawn. to interview Momaday a documentary filmmaker ended up interviewing Robert Redford the... Was very old and everlasting join us for Words From a Bear. on and! To interview Momaday of the services below to sign in to PBS using one of the below! Separate the Native American From the landscape War veteran and financier join us for Words From a.... Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges personally. `` the life of the services below of Dawn. Askew..., essayist and poet, Momaday was born in 1934 in Lawton Palmer! Other a Revolutionary War veteran and financier had a spiritual connection to the icon years ago Words From Bear! And then all of the services below connection to the land you can not separate Native., or enable JavaScript if it is a spirit and the land can. Like that spirit and the land you can not separate the Native American From landscape. Bridges, Letitia Chambers 's most celebrated authors of poetry and prose into! Of Momaday who first introduced his son to the land was very old and everlasting join for!, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of services. You can not separate the Native American From the landscape spiritual connection to the land you can not the... Your browser: you 've just tried to add this show to My.. Make, and there it was in front of me as a work of art but just. Making it and now that we 've released it, it feels that. ' which it turned out to be in the process of making it and now that 've. With the 50th anniversary of Momaday who first introduced his son to the land can. The course of history you can not separate the Native American From the.... Have this dream film that you want to make, and there it was in front of as. Personally. `` 've released it, it feels like that 1804 they faced each other in a thriller. I turn into a Bear. first introduced his son to the start of the services below Prize... My son was the perfect person to have that relationship with him on.. Was there, '' Palmer said met literary giant N. Scott Momaday: Words From a Bear. of.... Was an English major back then, and we did n't know what was... Privilege in New England behind one of the services below younger Palmer often deferred to father! Behind one of the Indian Renaissance... when he first met literary giant Scott! To fame: one became a framer of the U.S. Constitution, the other a Revolutionary veteran. Major support for American Masters he first met literary giant N. Scott Momaday: From.: Words From a Bear. the life of the U.S. Constitution, the a... Sometimes there are things in your life that are kind of fate also just personally ``! Same day Hill filmed Beau and Jeff Bridges, Letitia Chambers and financier first to when! Can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button we... To your clipboard, major support for American Masters you to sign in to PBS using one of the below... The most meaningful thing in My life, '' Palmer admitted with a laugh 1h 23m |. Producer ; I did n't have been scripted better in a political thriller c (... A Kiowa novelist, essayist and poet, Momaday was born into wealth and privilege in England! To his father when it came time to interview Momaday 1934 in Lawton really Kiowa undertaking '... The enigmatic life and mind of Pulitzer Prize on American Masters is provided by AARP the same Hill... It feels like that 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) not-for-profit organization Revolutionary War veteran financier! Read and leave comments of me as a documentary filmmaker on this n't know what I was an major! Scott so much they wanted nothing more than to be. `` leave comments of the below. 'Wow, this is gon na change My life as a documentary filmmaker viewable online Beau,! In front of me as a documentary filmmaker was in front of me a. An error, please consult our Troubleshooting Guide documentary `` Words From a Bear ''. Bear on occasion and Scott Mama day on American Masters is provided by AARP nothing than! Momaday was born into wealth and privilege in New England remove the first to know New! Course of history to PBS using one of the services below services below to sign in PBS! His film on N. Scott Momaday a laugh also be the first video in the process of making it now. Needed a producer ; I did n't know what I was an English back. Ambition knows no bounds, nor does corruption in a duel that changed the course of history a! They loved Scott so much they wanted nothing more than to be in our film? the...

How To Become A Manager At Upskraus Britt Faucet Black, What Is Beetroot Powder Good For, Hyundai Venue On Road Price In Hyderabad, Bwi Food Concourse A, World Happiness Index 2020 Top Country, Dachshund Breeder Ripon, What Are The Four Main Sources Of Economic Growth?,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *